What is Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Pollution has become a great problem nowadays on earth. It is necessary to know the quality of environment in which we live to take step to reduce pollution. That’s when Environmental Monitoring and Assessment comes into picture.

It’s a process to measurement of pollutants available in Air, Water, Soil and steps to be taken to reduce pollution after analysis of data received from Environmental Quality Monitoring. This is the primary process before preparing Environmental Impact Assessment for particular project. In this Process Sample is collected from suitable or representative area. It is stored in Controlled temperature conditions. Once it is reached in analytical laboratory various tests are performed to Know Presence of particular Parameters. After that analysis is done to identify source of pollutants and alternate ways can be suggested to reduce quantity of pollutant. Environmental Monitoring generates complex and critical information to take decisions and predict the future of environment.

Types of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

  • Ambient air quality Monitoring
  • Stack Emission Monitoring
  • Water Quality Monitoring
  • Soil Testing
  • Noise Level Monitoring

Environmental Monitoring

It’s a process to measurement of pollutants available in Air, Water, Soil

  Ambient Air quality Monitoring

There are two types of air quality monitoring i.e. Ambient and Indoor air quality. Ambient air Quality monitoring is carried out in industry or site premises. And Indoor/Work zone air quality monitoring can be carried out in Home, office, workplace etc. In Air quality monitoring Direction, Velocity and Pollutants are measured. Parameters measured in Air Quality monitoring are SO2 (Sulphur Dioxide), NOx (Oxides of Nitrogen), Particulate Matter (PM 10 and PM2.5), Ozone, Lead, CO (Carbon Monoxide) etc.

  Stack Emission Monitoring

The stacks/Chimneys attached to boiler, Furnace, DG Sets are monitored by regular sampling for the flue gasses and Pollutants are measured. Parameters measured are SO2 (Sulphur Dioxide), NOx (Oxides of Nitrogen), Total Particulate Matter (TPM) CO (Carbon Monoxide) etc.

The Process Stacks are also analyzed for particulate matters and various gasses.

  Water Quality Monitoring

In Water quality monitoring samples are taken from water source (Eg. River, lake or tap water etc.) by grab sampling or by regular intervals, Passive sampling or remote sampling. then in laboratory Chemical, Biological, radiological, microbiological and E-coli test to determine quality of water.

  Soil Monitoring

Initially soil samples are collected by grab sampling method or composite sampling method. It is further tested in analytical laboratory. It is tested for pH, Chlorine, Sulphate, Phosphate, LOD, LOI etc. Soil analysis can be helpful to find out Soil fertility and corrective action can be taken to improve yield.

  Noise level Monitoring

Noise level Monitoring is carried out with Sound level meter.

Noise Level can be observed for 24 hours to find out trends in noise level fluctuations.

Also Noise Impact Assessment is Part of Environmental Impact Assessment.

Noise level Monitoring

Noise level Monitoring is carried out with noise level meter.

  Lighting Assessment

In Workplace Lighting assessment or Illumination Survey can be done to find out whether Sufficient light is present at workplace in Companies. It helps to find out blind spots in workplace to avoid health hazards. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment can be helpful in assess pollution control requirement, track progress of environmental quality, Identify Newly emerging problems and to find new opportunities for improvements. Data received from environmental Quality Monitoring is analyzed and converted in charts and in simple language so that non- technical individuals also can understand. This data can be helpful for Farmers, Foresters, Hunters and fishers etc. to plan their schedule.  

Lighting Assessment

It is to find out whether Sufficient light is present at workplace in Companies.